Henry Ford is known as the founder of the Ford Motor Company. It became famous for the Model T, the first car in the world to be produced on an assembly line and made available. However, it is not known that Ford was also involved in the production of tractors.
Coming from an agricultural family in Ireland, who became wealthy through the production of cars, he decided to make life easier for people in the village. Tradition says that he gave this task to two young engineers who presented him with a revolutionary idea for the production of tractors in a monoblock (without chassis). Although initially opposed, Ford agreed with the idea, which later turned out to be positive, as their tractor was much lighter and therefore more powerful. Its advantages were also easy handling and lower cost - in 1922 its market price was 395 dollars.
Thanks to this, already at the beginning of production, in 1918, Ford became the largest tractor manufacturer in the United States (30,000 tractors manufactured). Until 1928, 738,000 tractors were sold, and thus Ford helped to rebuild the economy after the First World War.
Tractors were sold all over the world. After the conclusion of an agreement between Ford and the USSR in 1919, most of Fordson's products over the next few years were produced specifically for the Soviet market. Therefore, in the same year, a plant was opened in Cork (Ireland). In 1932, a plant was opened in Dagenham (England), to which almost all production was transferred.
The history of the name Fordson is also interesting. When it became known in the United States that Henry Ford intended to build tractors, a group of entrepreneurs quickly came up with the idea of registering a company called the Ford Tractor Company, hoping that in this way they would receive some financial benefit. But Henry came up with a compromise and included his son in the name of the company and so the name Ford & Son (Ford and Son) came about, which led to the derivative word Fordson (Fordson). It should be noted that the Ford Tractor Company manufactured a small number of tractors, while more than a million Fordson tractors were manufactured.
The engine of the Model F, the first tractor model, had four cylinders and, with three gears and 1000 rpm, it could develop up to 20 horsepower. Kerosene was used as fuel, but gasoline was used for the ignition itself.
In our region, this tractor was mainly used for threshing grain, i.e. as a drive for a thresher. During threshing, due to the small number of tractors, it was a profession in which it was possible to earn a lot of money. During these one and a half months, the tractor worked daily from morning to night. In a 1948 invoice that is included in the exhibition, it can be seen that a Fordson-powered thresher grinds 535 kg of grain in 45 minutes, which suggests that the average family in a village produced between 500 and 1000 kg of grain. The tractor was used before the first harvesters appeared in the vicinity, i.e. until the early 70s.