A Swedish company that is considered the world's largest manufacturer of all kinds of garden tools, lawn mowers, cultivators and small tractors. Saws of this brand, motorcycles and various tools for stone processing are also very famous. In addition to the Husqvarna brand itself, it also owns a number of brands, both known all over the world (Gardena, McCulloch, Diamant Boart, Weedeater, Dixon), and found almost exclusively in Scandinavian countries (Zenoah, Bluebird, Klippo, Flymo). The German company BMW also has the right to use the Husqvarna brand on motorcycles.
Husqvarna is one of the oldest companies in the world, founded in Sweden in 1689. In those days, the company made some of the best muskets of that time. And it was then that the foundation was laid for a powerful engineering enterprise, which now allows us to produce some of the best goods in the world, including sewing machines, construction equipment and tools for the care of gardens, parks and forests.
The Husqvarna logo represents its history as a gun manufacturer. Shown on the left is the oldest version of the company logo in the form of a hallmark that was placed on muskets, with a view over the barrel. On the right you see the modern version, which symbolizes that Husqvarna is always looking to the future.
Husqvarna started out as a gunsmith producing muskets. Although production was mostly manual, the Husqvarna Arms Factory is the cradle of the Swedish precision industry. The skilful management of the factory manager Joachim Ehrenpreuss made it possible to quickly increase production.
During the heyday of Sweden from the early 17th century to the 20s of the 18th century, the company produced 11,000 muskets and pistols annually. The total number of firearms that Husqvarna produced for the army during this period was 230,000! In the 20s of the 18th century, a period of peace ensues, and the demand of the Swedish state for firearms is reduced to 1,500 pieces per year. In the past 100+ years of peace and stability, the company's arms production has been relatively small.
19th century. With the deterioration of political stability in Europe in the mid-60s of the 19th century, the volume of production increased significantly. At this time, Sweden was carrying out an intensive rearmament of its army. It was during this period that weapons that were loaded from the muzzle were replaced by weapons that were loaded with cartridges from the breech, i.e. from the back of the barrel. Once again, high precision manufacturing was required, as the barrel and trigger parts had to have very close tolerances and be very reliable. With the advent of weapons loaded from the breech, rifled barrels were increasingly used, the manufacture of which required high precision material processing. Pistols loaded from the breech first had a revolver design, i.e. were equipped with a drum-shaped rotating magazine. In addition, with the growing volume of orders for the supply of weapons, the company was able to invest in new machines and workshops.
In 1867, Husqvarna was transformed into a limited liability company, and in 1877, after the appointment of Wilhelm Tham as its manager, the company was reorganized. Guns for hunting and training environments were added to the range of manufactured weapons, and the company stopped relying on military orders only. These innovations proved to be smart and Husqvarna soon established itself in the civilian market.
August Frederik Hagström is a legendary gunsmith who worked for Husqvarna. One of his inventions is an automatic recoil shutter. The use of such locks significantly increased the safety of the weapon, since the risk of accidental activation of such locks was very small.
August Frederik Hagström's son Karl Wilhelm followed in his father's footsteps and in 1877 was appointed Husqvarna's weapons production manager. Karl Wilhelm was educated at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm and worked for C-E Johansson (Met-Johansson or Measurement-Johansson) in Eskilstuna. He invented an original method for selecting promising employees, which was as follows. The candidate was provided with two metal blanks and a set of files. The workpieces had to be processed so that they fit together as tightly as required by the standards of C-E Johansson, an expert in measurement.
Karl Wilhelm remained in the position of civilian weapons production manager from 1877 until his death in 1917. He was succeeded by Hego's son Hagstrom. The art of precision craftsmanship has passed from father to son from generation to generation, making Husqvarna one of the most respected brands in the world.