Exports to 90 countries around the globe. Million three hundred thousand units - this is how many Zetor tractors have been produced in the seven decades since the first machine of this brand left the assembly line in Brno. Zetor can rightfully be called one of the symbols of the Czechoslovakian century of science and technology.
The Z25 was developed by the engineer Frantisek Musil, who, together with his team, spent less than half a year on it. The first model was powered by a 26-horsepower 2.0-liter diesel engine and a six-speed gearbox - three for driving on the field and three for driving on the road. The engine weighed over 18 kg.
Czechoslovakia can boast of a long history of tractor production - back in the years of the First Republic, such companies as Praga, Škoda, Wikov were engaged in the production of these agricultural machines. With the transition to a centralized model of the economy, it was decided that only Zetor tractors, the first model of which appeared in 1946, would be produced in the country. At the end of the 1970s, the company was already producing 33,000 tractors a year.
The production of the Zetor began at the Zbrojovka Brno plant, a company that, in addition to firearms, had previously produced mainly cars and aircraft engines.
Due to their reliability, some of these machines still serve today. “Zbrojovka has redirected its military production to peaceful purposes. She set herself an important, noble and purely peaceful task - the development and production of agricultural tractors, ”sounded in one of the 1946 newsreels. Soon other models came along - the Zetor 30 appeared, in which Frantiseuk Musil was one of the first in the world to use the system direct fuel supply, which made it possible to reduce its consumption. A hydraulic plow lifting system was also installed there, for which Musil received the Gold Medal at an exhibition in Prague in 1948.
In 1954, a design bureau appeared at the Brno factory, where the main models of this brand were developed. At the end of the 70s, the company was already producing 33,000 cars a year, starting production of its tractors in Japan, Iraq and India.
Today Zetor tractors are universal traction mechanisms that can do everything - from sowing agricultural crops, cultivation, harrowing to harvesting, applying mineral fertilizers, watering. They are renowned for their high quality and are low maintenance even during intensive work.
Today, Zetor also produces military equipment. At this year's fair in Bratislava, the company presented the armored vehicle Gerlach.